Who were the Nuns?

A Prosopographical study of the English Convents in exile 1600-1800

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Anne Cary, in religion Clementia.
Born: 1615 in London.
Died: 26 Apr 1671 in Paris, aged 56.

father: Henry Cary 1st viscount Falkland Prot of Aldenham, Herts
mother: Elizabeth Tanfield convert of Burford Priory, Oxon

Benedictines, Cambrai choir nun.
She entered 8 Mar/ 3 Apr 1639, aged 24.
She left Nov 1651 .

Benedictines choir nun.
She joined Nov 1651 as a founder member.

She professed 1640, aged 25.

Cellarer , Paris

dedicatee: The Second Booke of Dialogues ...To which is adjoined the Rule of the same Holie Patriarche 1638
creator: eight Collection Bookes
creator: Spirituall songs...in three parts
translator: Translations of Psalms in ms

She was the sister of Mary Cary, Lucy Cary, Elizabeth Cary.
She was the kinswoman of Penelope Longueville.

Sources: Paris Obit: 339-46; Cambrai crs: 45.

Family tree (Cary)


Her brother, Patrick, a poet, entered the Benedictine novitiate but left, unable to cope with the demands (ODNB). Her father was an advocate of persecuting Catholics in Ireland (ODNB).

Her mother publicly converted to Catholicism and was placed under house arrest for doing so. She subsequently wrote books in defence of her faith, including one dedicated to Queen Henrietta Maria, causing estrangement from her husband. She was behind the conversion of her daughters (ODNB).

Her grandfather was Sir Lawrence Tanfield, chief baron of the exchequer (ODNB).

She had been maid of honour to Queen Henrietta Maria.

At the invitation of the Bishop of Cambrai assisted Justina Gascoigne in reforming the French convent of St Lazar's in the town. She compiled instructions for performing the divine office and guides to devotions for them in French. She was chosen to assist in the foundation of the Paris convent. Wrote the Paris Constitutions 1656: copyist of a number of MSS including Julian of Norwich Showing of Love: see Holloway, 'Colections' pxvi

A strong supporter of Father Baker's texts.

For further details of creative works see Marion Wynne-Davies, To have her children with her: Elizabeth Cary and Familial Influence, in Heather Wolfe, ed., The literary Career and Legacy of Elizabeth Cary, 1613-1680, Palgrave, 2007